The Westward Expansion Trails. Each trail had it’s own challenges and … The Mormon Trail began in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah and is 1,300 miles long. The … Hosted by Inflight Creations. This great video below helps you understand what it really was like to be on the mormon trail. A range of push and pull factors led to the settlement of the American West. The persecution of Mormons led them to leave their home and set out west. …For gravel: wild rose berries boiled long. Trail History Utah Crossroads Chapter. Citation: Eddins, Ned. http://www.americanwest.com/trails/pages/mormtrl.htm, http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/daily/history/1844_1877/handcart_eom.htm, http://www.lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/02_Nauvoo.html. Mathew had his fourth birthday in August of 1851, while walking to Utah. The hatred and bigotry continued. (3200 km) long. …For jaundice: Take one tablespoonful of castile soap shavings, mixed with sugar, for three mornings; then miss three until it has been taken nine mornings a sure cure. … Westward Expansion Trails & the Oregon Trail. Leaving their Missouri farm in the depths of winter, they stayed at one place on the road for fourteen days with nothing to eat but parched corn. Settlers following these 'Westward ways' were spurred by various motives, among them including persecuted Mormons seeking freedom of religion. In the American Old West ... Also branching off to the south was the Mormon Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory. Famous emigrant trails are the Oregon Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, the Mormon Trail, and the California Trail. Let every branch in the east, west, north, and south be determined to flee by either land or sea. The longest trip taken by a Mormon wagon train was Brigham Young’s 1847 vanguard company. Congress turned down the proposed State of Deseret, primarily because of the practice of polygamy. Roots of Manifest Destiny. This also points out some stopping points in some of the cities in the states. It was a carefully planned and organized journey to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Most people from the East and Midwest traveled west via overland trails. Westward Expansions: Home Louisiana Purchase War of 1812 Mormon Trail Mexican-American War California Gold Rush The Compromise of 1850 The Impact on African Slaves Citations The Mormon Trail. See more ideas about oregon trail, wyoming, westward expansion. Format: Online Activity By 1846, mob violence forced the church leadership to announce the Mormons would leave Nauvoo for the West. The next summer at the age of fifty-two, Patty Bartlett Sessions walked beside an ox team in her son Perrigrine’s  company from Winter Quarters to the Salt Lake Valley. To return to the Home Page Article Links Link Bars click on Mountain Man logo. For the next seven years, Mormon converts came to Nauvoo, Illinois. Image from http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-mormontrail.html. Unlike most wagon trains, the Mormons did not use any Mountain Man guides. Any questions about the Trails that were used in the Westward Expansion? Mountain Men and a Jesuit missionary, Father Pierre de Smet stopped at Winter Quarters; they provided useful information about the Great Salt Lake Valley. People actually go on the trail and try to understand what the pioneers went through. The Mormons built many boats for rivers like the Platte, Elk Horn, and Loup Rivers. Some of the Indian … 16 Westward Expansion History Hub. Simply click on a trail location to learn all about it. My great-great-great grandparents, David and Patty Sessions were called to go with the first company to clear a road between Nauvoo, Illinois and the Missouri River. My own ancestors watched their homes and farms burn as they were driven out of Far West, Missouri and  Nauvoo, Illinois. Wyoming, USA, date unknown. American Westward Migration; A digital collection put together by the J. Willard Marriot Library at the University of Utah. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. Between 1847 and 1854, every Grandfather and Grandmother in my direct-line ancestry traveled over the Mormon Trail (thirty-two in all). Westward Expansion Trails. Westward Expansion … The Great Salt Lake area met the requirement in all respects. The Mormon religion was founded by Joseph Smith, who had visions as a teenager. Within a few years, Nauvoo had a population of twenty thousand, rivaling Chicago as the two largest cities in Illinois. Patty Sessions’ diary listed some of the home remedies she used on the Mormon Trail: …Salve for old sores: Bark of indigo weed root, boiled down beeswax, mutton  tallow, a very little rosin. 2002. Westward Expansion Trails. This trail stretches across 1,300 miles of terrain and goes through the five current states of Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska,Utah, and Wyoming. Mormon pioneers traveling over the trail improved it and built support facilities for those to follow. In December of 1846, Winter Quarters boasted five hundred and thirty-two log homes, eighty-three sod houses, and an untold number of tents and wagons used for shelter. All Rights Reserved. When ordering Mountains of Stone, request the CD and I will send it free with the book. There were buffalo on the trail … Use of the Mormon Trail stopped in 1869 with the driving of the “golden spike” at Promontory Point, Utah, for the transcontinental railroad. None of the displaced Mormons filed lawsuits against the states of Missouri and Illinois for destroying their homes and farms, or for violating their civil rights with an extermination order. She died at the age of ninety-seven. In a migration that paralleled the early westward movement of the American population, Smith led his followers, the LatterDay Saints (or Mormons), from … (article name) Thefurtrapper.com. On reaching the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young sent Perrigrine north with many of the large grazing animals to keep them away from the newly planted crops. The Mormon Trail contributed to westward expansion and the fulfillment of Manifest Destiny. There have been many requests for copies of pictures from the website. The Winds of Change CD contains different pictures than those on the Mountains of Stone CD. Permission is given for material from this site to be used for school research papers. 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