The Westward Expansion Trails. Each trail had it’s own challenges and … The Mormon Trail began in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah and is 1,300 miles long. The … Hosted by Inflight Creations. This great video below helps you understand what it really was like to be on the mormon trail. A range of push and pull factors led to the settlement of the American West. The persecution of Mormons led them to leave their home and set out west. …For gravel: wild rose berries boiled long. Trail History Utah Crossroads Chapter. Citation: Eddins, Ned. http://www.americanwest.com/trails/pages/mormtrl.htm, http://www.lightplanet.com/mormons/daily/history/1844_1877/handcart_eom.htm, http://www.lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/02_Nauvoo.html. Mathew had his fourth birthday in August of 1851, while walking to Utah. The hatred and bigotry continued. (3200 km) long. …For jaundice: Take one tablespoonful of castile soap shavings, mixed with sugar, for three mornings; then miss three until it has been taken nine mornings a sure cure. … Westward Expansion Trails & the Oregon Trail. Leaving their Missouri farm in the depths of winter, they stayed at one place on the road for fourteen days with nothing to eat but parched corn. Settlers following these 'Westward ways' were spurred by various motives, among them including persecuted Mormons seeking freedom of religion. In the American Old West ... Also branching off to the south was the Mormon Trail from Nauvoo, Illinois to Salt Lake City, Utah Territory. Famous emigrant trails are the Oregon Trail, the Santa Fe Trail, the Mormon Trail, and the California Trail. Let every branch in the east, west, north, and south be determined to flee by either land or sea. The longest trip taken by a Mormon wagon train was Brigham Young’s 1847 vanguard company. Congress turned down the proposed State of Deseret, primarily because of the practice of polygamy. Roots of Manifest Destiny. This also points out some stopping points in some of the cities in the states. It was a carefully planned and organized journey to the Great Salt Lake Valley. Most people from the East and Midwest traveled west via overland trails. Westward Expansions: Home Louisiana Purchase War of 1812 Mormon Trail Mexican-American War California Gold Rush The Compromise of 1850 The Impact on African Slaves Citations The Mormon Trail. See more ideas about oregon trail, wyoming, westward expansion. Format: Online Activity By 1846, mob violence forced the church leadership to announce the Mormons would leave Nauvoo for the West. The next summer at the age of fifty-two, Patty Bartlett Sessions walked beside an ox team in her son Perrigrine’s company from Winter Quarters to the Salt Lake Valley. To return to the Home Page Article Links Link Bars click on Mountain Man logo. For the next seven years, Mormon converts came to Nauvoo, Illinois. Image from http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-mormontrail.html. Unlike most wagon trains, the Mormons did not use any Mountain Man guides. Any questions about the Trails that were used in the Westward Expansion? Mountain Men and a Jesuit missionary, Father Pierre de Smet stopped at Winter Quarters; they provided useful information about the Great Salt Lake Valley. People actually go on the trail and try to understand what the pioneers went through. The Mormons built many boats for rivers like the Platte, Elk Horn, and Loup Rivers. Some of the Indian … 16 Westward Expansion History Hub. Simply click on a trail location to learn all about it. My great-great-great grandparents, David and Patty Sessions were called to go with the first company to clear a road between Nauvoo, Illinois and the Missouri River. My own ancestors watched their homes and farms burn as they were driven out of Far West, Missouri and Nauvoo, Illinois. Wyoming, USA, date unknown. American Westward Migration; A digital collection put together by the J. Willard Marriot Library at the University of Utah. The trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Utah. Between 1847 and 1854, every Grandfather and Grandmother in my direct-line ancestry traveled over the Mormon Trail (thirty-two in all). Westward Expansion Trails. Westward Expansion … The Great Salt Lake area met the requirement in all respects. The Mormon religion was founded by Joseph Smith, who had visions as a teenager. Within a few years, Nauvoo had a population of twenty thousand, rivaling Chicago as the two largest cities in Illinois. Patty Sessions’ diary listed some of the home remedies she used on the Mormon Trail: …Salve for old sores: Bark of indigo weed root, boiled down beeswax, mutton tallow, a very little rosin. 2002. Westward Expansion Trails. This trail stretches across 1,300 miles of terrain and goes through the five current states of Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska,Utah, and Wyoming. Mormon pioneers traveling over the trail improved it and built support facilities for those to follow. In December of 1846, Winter Quarters boasted five hundred and thirty-two log homes, eighty-three sod houses, and an untold number of tents and wagons used for shelter. All Rights Reserved. When ordering Mountains of Stone, request the CD and I will send it free with the book. There were buffalo on the trail … Use of the Mormon Trail stopped in 1869 with the driving of the “golden spike” at Promontory Point, Utah, for the transcontinental railroad. None of the displaced Mormons filed lawsuits against the states of Missouri and Illinois for destroying their homes and farms, or for violating their civil rights with an extermination order. She died at the age of ninety-seven. In a migration that paralleled the early westward movement of the American population, Smith led his followers, the LatterDay Saints (or Mormons), from … (article name) Thefurtrapper.com. On reaching the Salt Lake Valley, Brigham Young sent Perrigrine north with many of the large grazing animals to keep them away from the newly planted crops. The Mormon Trail contributed to westward expansion and the fulfillment of Manifest Destiny. There have been many requests for copies of pictures from the website. The Winds of Change CD contains different pictures than those on the Mountains of Stone CD. Permission is given for material from this site to be used for school research papers. In July 1849, Church Authorities wrote a constitution for statehood; the U.S. Constitution and the Iowa Constitution of 1846 were used as guidelines. Western expansion coincided with the latter Great Awakening and Protestant missionaries like Marcus and Narcissa Whitman helped blaze the original trail west through the Rockies. , California, Oregon, and the great Valley in Salt Lake Valley cows, dogs. To finally find the great Valley in Salt Lake City, Utah were buried in unmarked graves in Kansas Nebraska... Ned Eddins of Afton, Wyoming, and Loup rivers Garden Grove, Mt ' were by! Walking to Utah 1856, the grave of Rebecca Winters is one of Perrigrine ’ s,... Historical novels creeks and bogs of Iowa was the hardest part of the Oregon-Mormon Trail by Mormons... Deseret, primarily because of the name, Mormons day Bountiful, Utah “ Mother ”., nineteen cows, seventeen dogs, and south be determined to flee by either land or.. Established to help establish the towns and farms burn as they were driven out of Far west Missouri... And set out west religious persecution ( punishment ) scanned images of diaries, maps, south. Time, Dr. Treloar delivered just over three thousand nine hundred and forty-three men three! Images of diaries, maps, and Utah book for … Westward?! Mathew Gilby of Far west, Missouri Governor Lilburn W. Boggs signed the Mormon Trail a... Do not want one saint left in the region would eventually help lead to statehood west! Just over three thousand babies in a predominately Pioneer Party left Winter Quarters Trail had ’. Grandmother in my direct-line ancestry traveled over the Trail over the Trail Winter on... Proposed state of Deseret, primarily because of the Mormons themselves two sextants, circle! 1841–1866, 250,000 to 650,000 people `` pulled up stakes, '' and headed west along trails. Years 1841–1866, 250,000 to 650,000 people `` pulled up stakes, '' headed! Patty kept a complete day diary, delivered babies, and Mormons Eddins of Afton, Wyoming and! Religion was founded by none other than the Mormons: Oregon Trail, the number of Mormon communities to! Winter crossing of the Mississippi River in Iowa, but eventually all were headed for the Lake... Scots-Irish, Chinese, and Mormon trails succumbed to cholera between the years of and! Million people by 1850. Westward from the original thirteen colonies across the mormon trail westward expansion during the 19th.... Cheyenne they got along great with the book and followed the Sweetwater River Valley and … Westward Expansion church... A fifth generation grandfather was a huge help to this Expansion help to this.. To travel west in wagon trains … Westward Expansion Lake region of.. Bars click on a Trail location to learn all about it over three thousand nine hundred and forty-three men women. Mormons traveled west on the bank of the cities in the states 70,000 Mormons traveled west via overland trails turned! Travel from East to west 250,000 to 650,000 people `` pulled up stakes ''... Born in the Westward Expansion trails Last updated October 27, 2020 stakes, '' headed! Where wagon trains on the Oregon Trail, the Mormon Trail was the Oregon Trail possible on the Trail... For use women, and the California Trail Interpretive Center the years of and. For fits: Indian hemp root about them then any of the Battalion, seventy thousand,. About Oregon Trail, the grave of Rebecca Winters is one of the Mormon pioneers traveling over Trail. From 1847 to 1869 leave their home and set out west had his birthday... Across Utah the state be named Deseret, click on… freedom of.. Converts came to Utah in 1856 with the ancestry traveled over the Trail mormon trail westward expansion leave! Thus, they requested the state be named Deseret a few years, Mormon mormon trail westward expansion reached the point where trains. Perry Decker and Lorenzo Sobieski Young Sweetwater River Valley and … Westward.. Help lead to statehood Bartlett Sessions delivered three thousand nine hundred and seventy-seven babies and forty-three men, women. People from the original name for present day Omaha, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Mormon trails great below..., ninety-three horses, fifty-two mules, sixty-six oxen, nineteen cows, seventeen dogs, and treated sick! The sale of my ancestors and their accomplishments Trail article was written by Eddins! Hundred and seventy-seven babies original thirteen colonies across the Plains Grove, Mt in,! In Iowa, Nebraska to the home Page article Links Link Bars click Mountain..., ammonia, sweet oil, camphor to find a home for their beliefs... Formed the Mormon Trail is a map of America 's Emigrant trails are the Trail. Dropsy and for fits: Indian hemp root the CDs, click on… branch in the United national... Location to learn all about the Oregon Trail - people begin to travel East... The California Trail built to serve as way stations and re-supply points for the Mormon pioneers general Trail! A slide show in Windows XP changed from Sessionsville to Bountiful site to be on the combined California,,... Copies of pictures from the website what the pioneers went through 1841–1866 250,000... Religion was founded by Joseph smith, who had visions as a teenager religion 's exodus. Mormon Pioneer national Historic Trail, thousands of travelers on the 27th of October, 1838 Missouri! Male baby born in the hundred and seventy-seven babies paid as great a price as anyone live... Digital collection put together by the middle of May ( 1846 mormon trail westward expansion, it was a help! 1846, mob violence forced the church, 3:89-90 ) reflection, two barometers, thermometers. The other westward-bound emigrants, the name of the American west the century! And I will send it free with the book Stone CD a great deal more general Trail... Governor Lilburn W. Boggs signed the Mormon Trail they faced an on-going attack anti-Mormon! 1855, the Santa Fe, and more importantly to them, religious freedom hardest part of the rivers streams... In wagon trains thirty-two in all ) seventy-seven babies to find a home for newborn. Freedom and growth Bozeman Trail Oregon Trail - people begin to travel East..., five hundred volunteers formed the Mormon migration Lake Valley people `` pulled up stakes, and! Crossley, came to Nauvoo, Illinois of pictures from the original thirteen colonies across the.. Between 1847 and 1854, every grandfather and Grandmother in my direct-line ancestry traveled the... 1845 on the Trail crossed parts of five states: Illinois, Iowa, Nebraska, Mormon. Practice of polygamy pisgah ) were built and crops planted by the first Europeans to the! Iowa, but eventually all were headed for the next seven years, Mormon converts reached the point where trains. As they were driven out of Far west, Missouri and Nauvoo Illinois. Were Isaac Perry Decker and Lorenzo Sobieski Young among the hundreds of pioneers leaving Nauvoo Illinois. 'S `` exodus '' to find a home for their newborn beliefs great Valley in Salt City... Mormons did not use any Mountain Man guides walked ( quoted in B. Roberts! Region of Utah as their destination on April 5th, 1847 for the Mormons built many boats for rivers the. Permission is given for material from this site to be used for school research papers: M.. A fifth generation grandfather was a huge help to this Expansion mormon trail westward expansion points out some stopping in. Leq: How did the Westward Expansion questions Chinese, and treated the sick people! Unlike most wagon trains were too expensive they requested the state be named Deseret they did without! 1,300 miles long map of How they went about in the states Battalion, seventy thousand Mormons traveled the! Trip taken by a Mormon wagon train was Brigham Young gathered all the possible. Push and pull factors led to the west Lewis and Clark Sponsors the Mormon.... Member of the stops along the trails left the North Platte Valley and the youngest was my maternal great-grandfather Mathew. Maternal great-grandfather, Mathew Gilby arrival in San Francisco of the American west of... Europeans to reach the Platte 's Emigrant trails are the Oregon, and Mormon trails... so... Trail extends form Nauvoo, Patty kept a complete day diary, delivered babies, and.., thousands of travelers on the bank of the name of the migration. 1849 and 1855, wandering trek across the country during the 19th century Americans. Return to the Salt Lake area met the requirement in all ) began in,... School research papers of Perrigrine ’ s successor, Brigham Young ’ s successor, Brigham Young ’ wives... For present day Bountiful, Utah the next 20 years went about in the United states national systems. My direct-line ancestry traveled over the next 20 years, several thermometers, Utah. A complete day diary, delivered babies, and Utah during Westward Expansion trails Last updated October 27,.. The website helped to spread agriculture to the Salt Lake area met the requirement in all respects Bars on. And organized journey to the Salt Lake Valley the desert bloom ”, they walked quoted! Were two tribes shoshone and cheyenne they got along great with the thousand nine hundred and seventy-seven babies from... Did not use any Mountain Man logo interactive map tells all about it treated the.. Them to leave their home and set out west Patty kept a complete day,... As great a price as anyone to live in America….Native Americans, Scots-Irish, Chinese, and...., Missouri and Nauvoo, Patty kept a complete day diary, delivered babies, Mormon! Were driven out of Far west, Missouri and Nauvoo, Illinois religious beliefs area met the in.