Elimination of extremes of wealth and poverty, Baháʼís over the age of 15 should individually recite an. At this time Baháʼís view Baháʼu'lláh's revelation as a binding lesser covenant for his followers; in the Baháʼí writings being firm in the covenant is considered a virtue to work toward. Embalming or cremating the body is strongly discouraged. Knowledge of God's will for humanity in the modern age was revealed just over 100 years ago by Bahá'u'lláh, who is the latest of these divine Messengers. [65] The main written works translated into English of the Báb's are collected in Selections from the Writings of the Báb out of the estimated 135 works.[66]. We are eagerly preparing to hold a variety of events to celebrate the 200th Birthday of the Founder of the Faith, Baha'u'llah, born in 1817! [17] ʻAbdu'l-Bahá writes, Therefore, we learn that nearness to God is possible through devotion to Him, through entrance into the Kingdom and service to humanity; it is attained by unity with mankind and through loving-kindness to all; it is dependent upon investigation of truth, acquisition of praiseworthy virtues, service in the cause of universal peace and personal sanctification. Both lived during the 19th century in Persia, in a time of great turmoil. It was initiated and established by the Báb and various works were written in calligraphy shaped into a five-pointed star. Bahá'í see themselves as World Citizens. After receiving chastising letters from Baháʼu'lláh, Ottoman authorities turned against him and put him under house arrest in Adrianople (now Edirne), where he remained for four years, until a royal decree of 1868 banished all Bábís to either Cyprus or ʻAkká. The Lesser Covenant is viewed as an agreement between a Messenger of God and his followers and includes social practices and the continuation of authority in the religion. His father left a will that appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as the leader of the Baháʼí community, and designated him as the "Centre of the Covenant", "Head of the Faith", and the sole authoritative interpreter of Baháʼu'lláh's writings. Baháʼís do not expect a new manifestation of God to appear within 1000 years of Baháʼu'lláh's revelation. Some of the fundamental teachings of the Baha'i Faith: The oneness of God. Independent investigation of truth. [27][35] The religion was initially seen as a sect of Islam because of its belief in the prophethood of Muhammad and in the authenticity and veracity of the Qur’an. According to Baháʼí belief when a human dies the soul is permanently separated from the body and carries on in the next world where it is judged based on the person's actions in the physical world. [161], The Iranian government claims that the Baháʼí Faith is not a religion, but is instead a political organization, and hence refuses to recognize it as a minority religion. [10] The religion is estimated to have over five million adherents, known as Baháʼís, spread throughout most of the world's countries and territories.[11]. They have a commitment both to bettering themselves and the world. Consequently, Baháʼís were unable to obtain government identification documents (such as national identification cards, birth certificates, death certificates, marriage or divorce certificates, or passports) necessary to exercise their rights in their country unless they lied about their religion, which conflicts with Baháʼí religious principle. [24] From the time of the initial exile from Iran, tensions grew between him and Subh-i-Azal, the appointed leader of the Bábís, who did not recognize Baháʼu'lláh's claim. This knowledge of the attributes is also proportioned. Prayer and fasting is required by all, they strongly encourage marriage, and don't believe in drinking alcohol. See for example: In line with this is the thinking that the government encouraged the campaign to distract attention from more serious problems, including acute economic difficulties. [24] The Baháʼí New Year corresponds to the traditional Iranian New Year, called Naw Rúz, and occurs on the vernal equinox, near 21 March, at the end of the month of fasting. The Baha’i religion asserts that God is the ultimate cause of all things existing and that everything reflects his power, man particularly reflecting his attributes. The latter do not serve as clergy, which the Baháʼí Faith does not have. Baha'is believe that God periodically reveals his will through divine messengers, whose purpose is to transform the character of humankind and to develop, within those who respond, moral and spiritual qualities. Baha'i Beliefs about God Bahá'ís believe that there is only one God, the Creator of the universe. The Bahá'í Faith is an Abrahamic religion started in the 1800s by an Iranian person called Bahá'u'lláh who was born in Tehran, Iran.Followers of this religion call themselves Bahá'ís.The name Bahá'u'lláh is Arabic for "The Glory of God". “Baha’i Faith- Modern Perspectives” is an introductory presentation series on a diverse range of topics related to the Baha’i teachings, hosted by the Parhami family.. Every human is seen to have a duty to recognize God through his messengers, and to conform to their teachings. [22], The Baháʼí scriptures often refer to God by various titles and attributes, such as Almighty, All-Powerful, All-Wise, Incomparable, Gracious, Helper, All-Glorious, Omniscient and All-Loving. He is neither male nor female. By 1987, the number of officially recognized development projects had increased to 1482. Even the defence lawyers, who for two years have had minimal access to the defendants, had difficulty entering the courtroom. The unity of mankind. Ye are the fruits of one tree, and the leaves of one branch.”. Due to these actions, the Special Rapporteur of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights stated on 20 March 2006, that she "also expresses concern that the information gained as a result of such monitoring will be used as a basis for the increased persecution of, and discrimination against, members of the Baháʼí faith, in violation of international standards. [8] No single faith, and associated conception of God, is thus considered essentially superior to another from the viewpoint of its original social context; however, more recent religions may teach a more advanced conception of God as called for by the changing needs of local, regional or global civilization. The Manifestations of God are analogous to divine mirrors which reflect God's created attributes and thus reveal aspects of God without being incarnations of God's essence. [117] The first ever Mas͟hriqu'l-Ad͟hkár in ʻIshqábád, Turkmenistan, has been the most complete House of Worship. [64], Baháʼís see the Báb as the forerunner of the Baháʼí Faith, because the Báb's writings introduced the concept of "He whom God shall make manifest", a Messianic figure whose coming, according to Baháʼís, was announced in the scriptures of all of the world's great religions, and whom Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, claimed to be. Letters written by Baháʼu'lláh to various people, including some heads of state, have been collected and assembled into a canon of Baháʼí scripture. He is forced to leave Baghdad for Constantinople, then Adrianople, Baháʼu'lláh is forced into harsher confinement in ʻAkká, in present-day Israel, His Will appointed ʻAbdu'l-Bahá as successor, His Will appointed Shoghi Effendi as Guardian, The Universal House of Justice is first elected. [27] These include the Seven Valleys and the Four Valleys. [111] The Baháʼí teachings on marriage call it a fortress for well-being and salvation and place marriage and the family as the foundation of the structure of human society. [140][142], During the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, to divert attention from economic difficulties in Iran and from a growing nationalist movement, a campaign of persecution against the Baháʼís was instituted. They further state: "The Baha'i Faith is the only religion to have grown faster in every United Nations region over the past 100 years than the general population; Bahaʼi was thus the fastest-growing religion between 1910 and 2010, growing at least twice as fast as the population of almost every UN region. From a letter written on behalf of Shoghi Effendi to an individual believer dated 9 June 1932, Stockman, R. H. (2012). Baha’is believe that throughout the ages, God has sent Divine Messengers known as Manifestations of God—among them Abraham, Krishna, Zoroaster, Moses, Buddha, Jesus Christ, Muhammad, and, in more recent times, the Báb and Bahá’u’lláh —to cultivate humanity’s spiritual, intellectual and moral capacities. [60] Although they are distinct movements, the Báb is so interwoven into Baháʼí theology and history that Baháʼís celebrate his birth, death, and declaration as holy days, consider him one of their three central figures (along with Baháʼu'lláh and ʻAbdu'l-Bahá), and a historical account of the Bábí movement (The Dawn-Breakers) is considered one of three books that every Baháʼí should "master" and read "over and over again". Bahá’u’lláh, the most recent of God’s Manifestations, teaches us that the signs of the existence of God are everywhere: “Every created thing in the whole universe is but a door leading into His knowledge, a sign of His sovereignty, a revelation of His names, a symbol of His majesty, a token of His power, a means of admittance into His straight Path…” 5 The beauty, richness, and diversity of the natural world are thus … The Baháʼí Faith has also undertaken joint development programs with various other United Nations agencies. The Baha’i Faith was founded by two Divine Educators, the Bab and Baha’u’llah. [112], Baháʼís intending to marry are asked to obtain a thorough understanding of the other's character before deciding to marry. Although human cultures and religions differ on their conceptions of God and his nature, Baháʼís believe they nevertheless refer to one and the same Being. The Baha'i Faith: A Guide for the Perplexed. [10] His followers were therefore known as Bábís. Bahá'í believe that all religions are divine and that the great prophets were servants of the same God and preached the same message. [61], The Baháʼí community was mostly confined to the Iranian and Ottoman empires until after the death of Baháʼu'lláh in 1892, at which time he had followers in 13 countries of Asia and Africa. The Baháʼí Faith was ranked by Foreign Policy magazine as the world's second fastest growing religion by percentage (1.7%) in 2007.[107]. Their scriptures specifically acknowledge the divine origin of most of the major world religions. [65][71] In his Will, ʻAbdu'l-Bahá appointed Shoghi Effendi, his eldest grandson, as the first Guardian of the Baháʼí Faith. [158] After the sentence, they were transferred to Gohardasht prison. [2] Shoghi Effendi writes: What is meant by personal God is a God Who is conscious of His creation, Who has a Mind, a Will, a Purpose, and not, as many scientists and materialists believe, an unconscious and determined force operating in the universe. The observance of personal laws, such as prayer or fasting, is the sole responsibility of the individual. [108] There are, however, occasions when a Baháʼí might be administratively expelled from the community for a public disregard of the laws, or gross immorality. The Baháʼí Faith is a medium-sized religion[106] and was listed in The Britannica Book of the Year (1992–present) as the second most widespread of the world's independent religions in terms of the number of countries represented. [163] The Iranian government also accuses the Baháʼí Faith of being associated with Zionism. Bábís faced a period of persecution that peaked in 1852–53 after a few individual Bábis made a failed attempt to assassinate the Shah. [38][39] Baháʼís describe their faith as an independent world religion, differing from the other traditions in its relative age and in the appropriateness of Baháʼu'lláh's teachings to the modern context. [114] Monasticism is forbidden, and Baháʼís are taught to practice spirituality while engaging in useful work. The Baháʼí marriage ceremony is simple; the only compulsory part of the wedding is the reading of the wedding vows prescribed by Baháʼu'lláh which both the groom and the bride read, in the presence of two witnesses. "Glory" is a word that means "importance", "power", and "beauty". Heaven and Hell are taught to be spiritual states of nearness or distance from God that describe relationships in this world and the next, and not physical places of reward and punishment achieved after death. The spiritual teachings of the Baha'i Faith inspire us to form deep and diverse relationships and build communities that nurture the well-being of all people. Elimination of all forms of prejudice. [171] Following a protracted legal process culminating in a court ruling favorable to the Baháʼís, the interior minister of Egypt released a decree on 14 April 2009, amending the law to allow Egyptians who are not Muslim, Christian, or Jewish to obtain identification documents that list a dash in place of one of the three recognized religions. All Baháʼí community properties, including Baháʼí centers, libraries, and cemeteries, have been confiscated by the government and fatwas have been issued charging Baháʼís with apostasy. [96] The rights of Baháʼís have been restricted to greater or lesser extents in numerous other countries, including Egypt, Afghanistan,[134] Indonesia,[135] Iraq,[136] Morocco,[137] Yemen,[138] and several countries in sub-Saharan Africa. There are specific requirements for Baháʼí burial that include a specified prayer to be read at the interment. Throughout the rest of his life Baháʼu'lláh gained the allegiance of most of the Bábís, who came to be known as Baháʼís. According to some estimates, the largest Baháʼí community in the world is in India, with 2.2 million Baháʼís, next is Iran, with 350,000, the US, with 150,000, and Brazil, with 60,000. The former consists of two five-pointed stars interspersed with a stylized Baháʼ whose shape is meant to recall the three onenesses,[122] while the latter is a calligraphic rendering of the phrase Yá Baháʼu'l-Abhá (يا بهاء الأبهى "O Glory of the Most Glorious!"). [110], The purpose of marriage in the Baháʼí faith is mainly to foster spiritual harmony, fellowship and unity between a man and a woman and to provide a stable and loving environment for the rearing of children. [159] In March 2011 the sentences were reinstated to the original 20 years. [27] Specific religious social teachings (for example, the direction of prayer, or dietary restrictions) may be revoked by a subsequent manifestation so that a more appropriate requirement for the time and place may be established. (Bahá'u'lláh, Gleanings from the Writings of Bahá'u'lláh, p. 288) "The Call of God," 'Abdu'l-Bahá has written, "when raised, breathed a new life into the body of mankind, and infused a new spirit into the whole creation. The most severe persecutions have occurred in Iran, where more than 200 Baháʼís were executed between 1978 and 1998. It is through these divine educators that humans can approach God, and through them God brings divine revelation and law. The principal Baha’i tenets are the essential unity of all religions … According to a US panel, attacks on Baháʼís in Iran increased under Mahmoud Ahmadinejad's presidency. Government should be international with a single language 5. The One true God, He Who knoweth all things, Himself testifieth to the truth of these words. [18][19], Baháʼís believe that God expresses his will at all times and in many ways, and specifically through a series of divine messengers referred to as Manifestations of God or sometimes divine educators. 2, United Nations Development Fund for Women, United Nations Economic and Social Council, United Nations Commission on Human Rights, Political Non-involvement and Obedience to Government – A compilation of some of the Messages of the Guardian and the Universal House of Justice, Principles of the Baháʼí Faith & 26 March 2006, Universal House of Justice & September 2002, "Shoghi Effendi, 61, Baha'i Faith Leader", Universal House of Justice & 17 January 2003, Universal House of Justice & 21 April 2010, Association of Religion Data Archives 2010, International Federation of Human Rights & August 2003, "Lights of Guidance/Administrative Rights, Sanctions, Dissimulation - Bahaiworks, a library of works about the Bahá'í Faith", Baháʼí Office of Social and Economic Development 2018, Baháʼí 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